Pycnogenol is an extract from French maritime pine bark that is particularly high in proanthocyanidins and procyanidins, types of polyphenols. Polyphenols are potent antioxidants, and proanthocyanidins and procyanidins scavenge and neutralize the free radicals generated in skin after UV-exposure. These free radicals typically cause oxidative stress that results in inflammation, cell damage, and photoaging. By protecting skin from UV-induced oxidative stress, Pycnogenol is able to preserve skin integrity and elasticity, long-term skin health, and radiance.
In clinical trials, Pycnogenol applied topically protected collagen and elastin degradation, accelerated wound healing, and prevented scar formation. Pycnogenol also protected skin from UV damage, and even improved acne.
- A., Joi. “Skin Photoprotection by Natural Polyphenols: Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Oxidant and DNA Repair Mechanisms.” National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Health, 20 Mar. 2023, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2813915/.
- Reuter, Juliane. “Botanicals in Dermatology: An Evidence-Based Review - PubMed.” National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Health, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20509719/. Accessed 11 Apr. 2023.